1823 – present
The Robbins House
Concord’s African American History
320 Monument Street
Located opposite the Old North Bridge
The Robbins House Hours
June, July & August: 11-4 (Closed Tuesdays)
September, October: 11-4 (Open Fri-Sun + Columbus Day)
The Robbins House aims to stimulate dialogue about race and help foster a spirit of reconciliation and healing. We strive to inspire conversation, expand understanding and contribute to a better society.
This house is one of the only known historic sites commemorating the legacy of a previously enslaved Revolutionary War veteran.
Our site is a 544 sq. ft. historic early 19th century house originally inhabited by the first generation of descendants of a formerly enslaved African American Revolutionary War veteran, Caesar Robbins, and by a fugitive slave Jack Garrison.
This one-and-a-half story house, which has been dated to the early 1800s, was a two-family farmhouse occupied by one former slave, and by two grown children of another. It originally stood a short distance to the east, on a small farm overlooking the edge of the Great Meadows along the Concord River.
In 1823, Monument Street landowner Humphrey Barrett sold 13 acres and the newly-built house to Peter Robbins. Peter was the 30 year-old son of formerly enslaved Caesar Robbins, who had served both in the Revolution in 1776, and in the French and Indian War in 1760.
The west side of the house was originally occupied by Peter Robbins and his wife Fatima, while the property deed reserved the east side for Peter’s sister, Susan, and her husband Jack Garrison. Jack was another former slave, who had either escaped or gained his freedom in New Jersey.
Africans inhabited the house continuously from 1823 up to 1870. The last occupants of the house and farm included Peter Hutchinson and three generations of his large family. By 1870 all but two of the Hutchinson family members had died, and Peter and his teenage grandson, Willie Bisbee, moved away. The little farm was bought by John Shepard Keyes, who moved the house to Bedford Street in the winter of 1871.